Muhammad Hosni Sayyid Mubarak former fourth President of Egypt from 1981 to 2011. The length of his (30 year) presidency made him Egypt’s longest-serving ruler since Muhammad Ali Pasha. Mubarak was overthrown after 18 days of demonstrations during the 2011 Egyptian revolution. The uprising that began on 25 January 2011. Protests took place in Cairo, Alexandria, and other cities in Egypt, following the Tunisian Revolution that saw the ousting of long time Tunisian president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. Demonstrators in Cairo’s Tahrir Square protested and complained of police brutality, state of emergency laws, lack of free elections and freedom of speech, uncontrollable corruption, as well as economic issues including high unemployment, food price inflation, etc.
An Egyptian man said “He should be executed like Saddam Hussein. Half of the population lived in poverty, while Mubarak and those around him lived in heaven.” The former Egyptian president is accused of amassing a fortune of more than £3 billion – although some suggest it could be as much as £40 billion – during his 30 years in power. It is claimed his wealth was tied up in foreign banks, investments, bullion and properties in London, New York, Paris and Beverly Hills. During the protests last week, former deputy foreign minister Ibrahim Yousri and 20 lawyers petitioned Abdel Meguid Mahmoud, Egypt’s prosecutor general, to put Mr Mubarak and his family on trial for stealing state wealth. [Telegraph]
On 16 February, at least 365 deaths had been reported, and those injured number in the thousands. Western governments expressed concern for the situation, especially America. Egypt has been the most significant Arab country to have a peace agreement with Israel. The $2 billion aid package America gives Egypt each year is, in essence, compensation for being a key ally in the region. [Care2]
Mubarak dissolved his government and appointed military figure and former head of the Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate Omar Suleiman as Vice-President. Mohamed ElBaradei became a major figure of the opposition, with all major opposition groups supporting his role as a negotiator. On 11 February, Vice President Omar Suleiman announced that Mubarak would be stepping down as president and turning power over to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.
The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces decided to accept the resignation of Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq and appointed Essam Sharaf, a former transport minister, to form the new government. (The statement was carried on the military’s Facebook page on Thursday and then confirmed by a military spokesman). Sharaf took part in the mass rallies in Cairo’s Tahrir Square which brought down Hosni Mubarak.
We only hope and pray that Egypt will have a better ruler, one who will fear Allah and be just to the people. What would the world have been with leaders like the Khulafaa Rashidoon? Khalifah ‘Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) said in a speech to his people “O people, I am but a trustee of your wealth and property like a person who is a trustee of the wealth and property of an orphan child. Had I been rich, I would not have taken my allowance for my services. In case I needed, I would have accepted only to the extent of the need. Friends, you have certain rights over me and you are fully allowed to claim your rights at any time.”