Hajj can be performed in three different ways:
Tamattu’, Qiran, and Ifraad.
1) Tamattu’ means performing ‘Umrah during the Hajj season, and on the Day of Tarwiyah the pilgrim gets into the state of Ihram for Hajj. Anyone intending to perform a Tamattu’ Hajj should make intention for ‘Umrah when approaching the Miqaat. The intention here should be for ‘Umrah. The pilgrim should say,
”Labbayk-Allahumma labbayka bi’Umrah!” or “Labbayka ‘Umratan!”
“O Allah! I answer Your call to perform ‘Umrah.”
The pilgrim can add some other du’aa such as: ” O Allah! I intend to perform `Umrah, so make it easy for me, and accept it from me.” It is also allowed for the pilgrim though intending initially to complete Hajj or ‘Umrah to put a condition whereby if for some unexpected sickness or circumstances the journey could not be completed, he, or she, can end the state of Ihraam without having to sacrifice an animal or fast. Therefore, the pilgrim can address Allah saying,
”Inna mahilli minal-Ardi haythu habastani”
” I will end up my state of Ihraam wherever I cannot proceed.”
After this, the pilgrim proceeds with Talbiyah as shown previously. Once the pilgrim reaches Makkah, he heads for al-Masjid al-Haraam and circumambulates the Ka’bah seven times in a state of wudhu beginning by kissing the black stone or if it’s impossible by raising the hands as far as the ears saying, “Bismillah Allahu Akbar!” After Tawaaf, the pilgrim prays two Rak’aas at Maqaamu Ibraahim – without disturbing those who circumambulate- drinks Zamzam water then goes to walk between as-Safaa and al-Marwah seven times (Sa’ee), then gets the hair cut or shaved. With this the state of Ihraam and ‘Umrah are ended.
On the day of Tarwiyah, that is the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah, the pilgrim enters another time in the state of Ihraam saying, ” Labbayk-Allahumma labbayka bi-Hajj!” or “Labbayka Hajjan” ”O Allah! I answer Your call to perform Hajj.” The pilgrim can add, ” O Allah! I intend to perform Hajj, so make it easy for me, and accept it from me. I intend to perform Hajj and I am entering in the state of Ihram only for Your sake, O Allah !” Then the Talbiyah is repeated throughout the rituals of Hajj in Mina, Arafah, and Muzdalifah. On the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah, a sacrifice should be offered to Allah as mentioned in Qur’an after stoning at al-Jamaraat. After the sacrifice (slaughtering an animal) is done, the pilgrim can shave or cut the hair. Once the Tawaaf of Ifaadah is done, the pilgrim should do Sa’ee between as-Safa and al-Marwah for Hajj. However, if a person starts with the Tawaaf of al-Ifaadah, then Sa’ee, then shaves and then stones at al-Jamaraat it is also accepted. Tamattu’ Hajj is the most recommended for people and it was more encouraged to it by Nabi Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam). This is indeed the best way to perform Hajj. Once Hajj is completed, a Hadee should be offered on the 10th. Allah says, ”If any one wishes to continue the ‘Umrah on to the Hajj, he must make an offering such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should fast three days during the Hajj and seven days on his return, making ten days in all. This is for those whose household is not in (the precincts of) the Sacred Mosque, and fear Allah, and know that Allah is strict in punishment.”(2:196)
2) Qiran means to combine Hajj and ‘Umrah. This means that the pilgrim should declare the intention to perform both Hajj and ‘Umrah together, ”Labbayk-Allahumma labbayka bi-Hajjin wa-‘Umrah!” or ”Labbayka Hajjan wa ‘Umratan!” ”O Allah! I answer Your call to perform Hajj and ‘Umrah!” In this kind of Hajj, it is not allowed for the pilgrim to end the state of Ihraam after Sa’ee. The pilgrim will not have to perform after the Ifadah Tawaaf on the 10th of Dhil Hijjah the Sa’ee because it is already performed for both Hajj and ‘Umrah. The pilgrim is supposed to bring his sacrificial animal with him as the Prophet (S) did. This must be done because the rituals of Hajj and `Umrah were joined together.
3) Ifraad means that the pilgrim declares his intention for Hajj only. ” Labbayk-Allahumma labbayka bi-Hajj!” or ” Labbayka Hajjan” “O Allah! I answer Your call to perform Hajj.” The pilgrim maintains his Ihraam up to the Day of Sacrifice. No animal sacrifice offering is required from him.
Ihraam for ‘Umrah From the Miqaat -> Tawaaf -> Sa’ee -> Halq or Taqseer (haircutting). Umrah is complete here and Ihraam is ended .
On the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah make niyyah (intention) for Hajj, leave from Makkah to Mina after performing Salatul Fajr. It is advisable to be in the state of Ihraam before Fajr -> Remain in Mina and pray from Dhuhr to Fajr of the 9th. Proceed to ‘Arafah before zawaal and pray Dhuhr & ‘Asr combined and shortened Salatul Jam’) with the Imam and then stop in ‘Arafah (Wuqoof) making du’a and dhikr then leave for Muzdalifah after sunset -> Pray Maghrib and ‘Isha in Muzdalifah and remain there overnight. After praying Fajr and before sunrise go to al-Mash’ar al- Haraam and make du’aa then go to Jamarat al-‘Aqabah and throw seven pebbles then offer a had’ee then shave or cut the hair. Thereafter go to Makkah to make Tawaaf -> Make Tawaaf al-Ifaadah then make Sa’ee and your Hajj is complete. Go back to Mina, pelt (rami) the three Jamaraat and sleep three nights or at least two. Before you leave Makkah make the Farewell Tawaaf (Tawaaf Widaa).