Animals eligible for Ud-hiyyah are goats, sheep, cattle and camels, male or female. No other type of animal is allowed for Ud-hiyyah. Below are a few conditions for the sacrificial animal:
- Castrated animals may be used for Ud-hiyyah.
- Barren animals may be used for Ud-hiyyah.
- Goats and sheep have to be at least one year old.
However, a healthy sheep that looks one year old may also be used, provided it is above six months old.
- Cattle must be at least two years old.
- Camels must be at least five years old.
- An animal that was born without horns or the horns had broken off from the middle, is eligible for Ud-hiyyah. If the horn has broken off from the root, or the horn has been uprooted, then it will not be eligible for Ud-hiyyah.
- Those animals that are totally blind or have lost one-third or more of their eye-sight, or one-third or more of one ear is cut, or onethird or more of the tail is cut, are not eligible for Ud-hiyyah.
- An animal which limps and walks on three legs and cannot put the injured (fourth) leg onto the ground, or it is able to put the injured leg onto the ground, but is unable to walk on it, is not eligible for Ud-hiyyah. However, if it is unable to walk on it, but can still take support from it, then it is eligible for Ud-hiyyah, even though it is limping.
- Animals having no teeth at all are not eligible for Ud-hiyyah. If an animal has lost some teeth only, and has most of the teeth, it is eligible for Ud-hiyyah. If most of the teeth are lost, it is not eligible for Ud-hiyyah.
- Animals born without ears are not eligible for Ud-hiyyah. Animals with very small ears are eligible for Ud-hiyyah.
- Thin and extremely weak animals, unable to walk to the place of zabh (slaughtering), are not eligible for Ud-hiyyah.
- If an animal sustains an injury whilst making zabh (being slaughtered), the Ud-hiyyah is valid.
- If an animal is purchased in a healthy and eligible state. Thereafter, an accident occurs which renders the animal unfit for Ud-hiyyah. In such a case, if the purchaser is not wealthy (owner of nisaab) it will be permissible to offer the same animal for Ud-hiyyah. If the purchaser is owner of nisaab, then it is compulsory upon him to obtain another animal in place of the injured animal.
If an animal purchased for Ud-hiyyah gives birth (before being slaughtered), then the newly born animal should also be slaughtered
Rulings on Defects in the Sacrificial Animals