We all know that one of the first and most significant ghazwah (a battle wherein the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam participated) was the Battle of Badr, fought in 2 AH, 17 Ramadhaan.
Badr is a vast region. Its southern side is high (al-‘Udwatul Qaswa and the northern area is low and sloping (al-‘Udwatud Dunya). Water was available in this desert in large quantities from the wells which had been dug and it had always been the halting place for the caravans. This post is not on the entire actual battle rather on the places like Udwatul Qaswa, Udwatud Dunya, Malaa-ikah Mountain and Masjid Areesh. Please check our gallery for more images on this historic place.
Iblees (Satan) appeared to the Quraishi Kuffaar in the guise of Suraaqa bin Malik bin Ju‘sham Al-Mudlaji — chief of Bani Kinaana — saying to them: “I guarantee that no harm will happen from behind.”
Burning with revenge the Kuffaar of Makkah set out to fight with 1300 well equipped soldiers against 313 poorly equipped faithful Muslims. “…boastfully and to be seen of men, and hinder (men) from the path of Allah. ” [8:47] Banu Zahrah, acting on the advice of Al-Akhnas bin Shuraiq, broke away and returned to Makkah leaving 1000 men. They approached Badr and encamped themselves beyond a sand dune at Al-‘Udwat ul-Quswa.
The same night it rained on both sides. For the Mushrikeen it obstructed further progress, whereas it was a blessing for the Muslims. Allah sent rain to strengthen their hearts and to plant their feet firmly therewith. They marched a little forward and encamped at the farther bank of the valley. Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stopped at the nearest spring of Badr. Al-Hubab bin Mundhir asked him, “Has Allah inspired you to choose this very spot or is it stratagem of war and the product of consultation?” Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied “It is stratagem of war and consultation.” Al-Hubab said: “This place is no good; let us go and encamp on the nearest water well and make a basin or reservoir full of water, then destroy all the other wells so that they will be deprived of the water.” The Rasoolullah (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) approved of his plan and agreed to carry it out, which they actually did at midnight.
Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh (radhiyallahu anhu) suggested that a trellis/hut be built for the Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to function as headquarters for the Muslim army and a place providing reasonable protection for the leader. Sa‘d (radhiyallahu anhu) began to justify his proposal and said that if they had been victorious, then everything would be satisfactory. In case of defeat, Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would not be harmed and he could go back to Madinah where there were more people who loved him and who would have come for help if they had known that he was in that difficult situation, so that he would resume his job, hold counsel with them and they would strive in the cause of Allâh with him again and again.
A squad of guards was also chosen from amongst the Helpers under the leadership of the same man, Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh (radhiyallahu anhu), in order to defend the Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in his headquarters. Currently a masjid called Masjid al Areesh has been built over this spot.
Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) spent the whole night preceding the day of the battle in prayer and supplication. The Muslim army, wearied with their long march, enjoyed sound and refreshing sleep, a mark of the Divine favour and of the state of their undisturbed minds.
“(Remember) when He covered you with a slumber as a security from Him, and He caused rain to
descend on you from the sky, to clean you thereby and to remove from you the Rijz (whispering, evil suggestions, etc.) of Iblees (Satan), and to strengthen your hearts, and make your feet firm thereby.” [8:11] That was Friday night, Ramadhaan 17th, the year 2 A.H.
In the morning, the Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) called his men to offer salaah and then urged them to fight in the way of Allah. As the sun rose over the desert, Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) drew up his little army, and pointing with an arrow which he held in his hand, arranged the ranks.
Quraish, on the other hand, positioned their forces in Al-‘Udwat Al-Quswa (please check gallery) opposite the Muslim lines. A few of them approached, in a provocative deed, to draw water from the wells of Badr, but were all shot dead except one, Hakeem bin Hizam, who later became a devoted Muslim. The first disbeliever to trigger the fire of the battle and be its first victim was Al-Aswad bin ‘Abdul Asad Al-Makhzumi, a fierce bad-tempered idolater. He stepped out swearing he would drink from the water basin of the Muslims, otherwise, destroy it or die for it. He engaged with Hamzah bin ‘Abdul Muttalib (radhiyallahu anhu), who struck his leg with his sword and dealt him another blow that finished him off inside the basin.
The battle had actually started. Close to the end of the battle, the Muslims were helped by angels (malaa-ikah) from behind a mountain, hence the name Malaa-ikah Mountain (see gallery). Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), in his trellis raised his head joyfully crying: “O Abu Bakr, glad tidings are there for you. Allah’s victory has approached. By Allah, I can see Gabriel on his mare in the thick of a sandstorm.”
He then jumped out crying: “Their multitude will be put to flight, and they will show their backs.” [54:45] At the instance of Gabriel, Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) took a handful of gravel, cast it at the enemy and said: “Confusion seize their faces!” As he flung the dust, a violent sandstorm blew like furnace blast into the eyes of the enemies. With respect to this, Allah says:
“And you [i.e. Muhammad (Peace be upon him) ] threw not when you did throw but Allah threw.” [8:17]
Iblîs, the archdevil, in the guise of Suraaqah bin Malik bin Ju‘sham Al-Mudlaji, on seeing angels working in favour of the Muslims, and Quraish rapidly losing ground on the battlefield, made a quick retreat despite the Mushrikeen’s pleas to stay on. He ran off and plunged into the sea.
The Muslims were victorious and the broken morale of the Mushrikeen gave way to a new revenge that manifested itself in the Battle of Uhud.