Desirable actions to be done on the Day of ‘Eid:
1) Eating dates after Salatul Fajr and before the ‘Eid prayer, as the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) did, symbolising the breaking of his fast.
In ‘Eid al-Adhaa (‘Eid of the hajj), based on the sunnah, one does not eat until they sacrifice (slaughter), unlike ‘Eid al-Fitr (‘Eid of Ramadaan).
2) Bathing and wearing one’s best attire before going to the ‘Eid prayer.
Although there are no saheeh ahaadeeth that Rasoolullaah (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) took a ghusl specifically for ‘Eid, bathing or showering would not mean that one is committing bid‘ah as to be clean and taahir is very much a part of faith.
The Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) had a special garment that he wore for the performance of the Jumu‘ah and ‘Eid prayers. Ja’far ibn-Muhammad relates from his father on the authority of his grandfather who reported that the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) would wear a Yemeni cloak on every ‘Eid. This is related by ash-Shaafi‘ee and al-Baghawee. Ibn al-Qayyim writes: “The Prophet used to wear his most beautiful clothes for them and he had a special cloak that he would wear on the two ‘Eids and Jumu’ah.” [Reference can be checked in Sharhus Sunnah: vol. 4, p. 302, footnote. 2. See Zaadul Mi ‘a ad: vol. 1, p.441.] So wear your best clothes, not necessarily new.
3) Walking to the masjid rather than riding (if the masjid is of walking distance and does not burden or create a hardship).
In Sunan at-Tirmidhi hadith # 530 ‘Ali (RadiyAllaah ‘anhu) said, “It is from the sunnah to go to the masjid on the ‘Eid walking, and to eat before you leave.”
4) It is from the sunnah to go back to one’s house walking from a different route than that which was taken to get there.
Some scholars explain this as a way to meet and greet more people.
5) To say takbeer out loud because it is one of the symbols of that day.
The takbeer is said on the morning of ‘Eid and continues on throughout until the Adhaan is called. Worshippers join in on the takbeer uttered by the imaam during the khutbah.
6) One of the most common forms of takbeer used by the Rasoolullaah (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) and sahaabah was: Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Laa Ilaah IlAllah, Wallaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Wa lillaahiel hamd
7) Performing the ‘Eid prayer before the khutbah is from the sunnah.
Unlike Jumu‘ah, sitting and listening to the ‘Eid khutbah is sunnah, meaning you can leave if you desire to after the prayer.
8) ‘Eid is a joyous occasion for the Muslims and should be celebrated with family, friends, and the community. One of the ways this was expressed during the time of Rasoolullaah (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam), was through chants and inspirational lyrics. It was recorded that a few young girls took part in celebrating by chanting in the Rasoolullaah’s (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) house on this day. Abu Bakr (RadiyAllaah ‘anhu) walked in and scolded them for chanting in the manner they did. Rasoolullaah (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said, “Leave them Abu Bakr, for every faith is a celebration and this is our celebration.”
Another incident that illustrates the joy of ‘Eid, was when the young Abyssinians played with their spears expressing their happiness of the upcoming ‘Eid. Rasoolullaah (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) upon seeing ‘Aaishah’s (RadiyAllaah ‘anhaa) interest in how they played, stood in a way to let ‘Aaishah’s (RadiyAllaah ‘anhaa) rest her head on his shoulder, and his cheek to her cheek, until she became bored.
9) After the completion of the khutbah, Muslims should greet each other.
A common statement of greeting among the sahabah radia allah anhum was: Taqaballa Minnaa Wa Min-k (means: May Allah accept from us and you)
Jubayr ibn Nufayr (RadiyAllaah ‘anhu) said: “At the time of the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam), when people met one another on the day of ‘Eid, they would say, ‘Taqabbal Allaahu minnaa wa minka (May Allah accept from us and from you).’” [Ibn Hajar. Its isnaad is hasan. Fat-hul Baaree: vol.2, p. 446]
10) Those in charge should try to make the ‘Eid prayer outside in an open area unless there is a reason barring them from this. It was the consistent pattern of Rasoolullaah (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) to perform all ‘Eid prayers out in the open.
11) Every Muslim should strive to attend the ‘Eid prayer; men, women, and children. Even women who are unable to pray due to their menstrual cycle, are still encouraged to attend the celebration of the Muslims. However, she is not to join in the prayer as was stated by Rasoolullaah (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam).
12) It is from the sunnah to make tasbeeh during ‘Eid prayer. At the beginning of Salaatul-‘Eid, the leader will say Allaahu Akbar at the start of each rak‘ah several times. It’s disputed among scholars how many times a leader should make takbeer in each rak‘ah. The most authentic opinion on this is seven takbiraat in the first rak‘ah and five in the second. Since it’s a disputed matter, one should follow the number of takbiraat the Imaam says, so as not to cause a conflict on such a special day.
One should continue to recite the following in between the takbiraat: Subhaan Allaah, Walhamdulillah, Wa laa ilaaha illAllah, Wallaahu Akbar.
Sheikh Ahmad Musa Jibril