Calligraphic Sheets and Albums (Qit’a and Muraqqa)

Qit’a and Muraqqa (Calligraphic Sheets and Albums)
The calligraphic works written on a normal, book-size sheets in one or several different styles are known as qit’a, and the albums consisting of these sheets which are folded and attached to each other are called muraqqa. Qit’as usually have two styles: either thuluth-naskh, muhaqqaq-rayhani or tawqi-riq’a. Those that are composed with a single style are mostly in the ta’liq qit’a style.
In this kind of calligraphic works, the texts that are written most frequently are hadiths of Nabi  Muhammad (SAW). Although they are usually smaller in dimension, they contain some of the best works of the most famous masters of calligraphy. Among the best known of these works are the muraqqas of the famous calligrapher Sheikh Hamdullah, written in six different styles, which also have come to be classic examples that were followed by subsequent calligraphers.
This category of calligraphic works also includes the qasidahs (eulogies) written as an expression of love, loyalty and praise for Nabi Muhammad (SAW). Such classics as Busiri’s Qasidah Burda and Ka’b ibn Zuhayr’s Banaat Su’aad that praise Nabi Muhammad (SAW) were then written in thuluth and nasih styles by important Turkish calligraphers like Hafiz Osman and Sevki Efendi. In addition, selected couplets from Hakani Mehmed Bey’s Hilye-i Hakani were written in the taliq style by leading figures in Ottoman calligraphy.
The calligraphic works written on a normal, book-size sheets in one or several different styles are known as qit’a, and the albums consisting of these sheets which are folded and attached to each other are called muraqqa. Qit’as usually have two styles: either thuluth-naskh, muhaqqaq-rayhani or tawqi-riq’a. Those that are composed with a single style are mostly in the ta’liq qit’a style. In this kind of calligraphic works, the texts that are written most frequently are hadiths of Nabi Muhammad (SAW). Although they are usually smaller in dimension, they contain some of the best works of the most famous masters of calligraphy. Among the best known of these works are the muraqqas of the famous calligrapher Sheikh Hamdullah, written in six different styles, which also have come to be classic examples that were followed by subsequent calligraphers. This category of calligraphic works also includes the qasidahs (eulogies) written as an expression of love, loyalty and praise for Rasoolullah (SAW). Such classics as Busiri’s Qasidatul Burda and Ka’b ibn Zuhayr’s Banat Su’ad that praise Nabi Muhammad (SAW) were then written in thuluth and naskh styles by important Turkish calligraphers like Hafiz Osman and Sevki Efendi.
Hilal Kazan

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