Should fasting the six days of Shawwaal be done immediately after the day of Eid?
Question: Is the fasting of the six days (of Shawwaal) a must after the month of Ramadaan immediately after the day of ‘Eid, or is it permissible (to do so) after ‘Eid by (a number of) days in the month of Shawwaal or not?
Answer: It is not a must for him to fast immediately after ‘Eid al-Fitr, rather it is permissible to begin fasting after ‘Eid by a day or (a number of) days. And (also) to fast them continuously or intermittently in the month of Shawwaal according to that which is easy for him. And the issue is quite open in this matter, and it is not obligatory, rather it is a sunnah.
And with Allah lies all the success, and may Allah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) and his family and his companions (RadiyAllahu ‘anhum).[The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Verdicts, comprising –
Fataawa Ramadaan – Volume 2, Page 693, Fatwa No.698;
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa-imah lil-Buhooth al-’Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Fatwa No. 3475]
Unable to complete fasting the six days of Shawwaal, is there any sin for this?
Question: I began fasting the six (days) of Shawwaal, however I was unable to complete them because of extenuating circumstances and work. Now I have two days remaining, so what do I do O Eminence (Shaykh), do I make these days up or is there any sin upon me?
Response: Fasting the six (days) of Shawwaal is a recommended act of worship and not an obligation. So for you is the reward of that which you fasted of them, and it is hoped for you the complete reward if that which prevented you from fasting them all was an Islaamically acceptable reason. Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said: “If the servant becomes ill or is travelling then Allah writes for him that which he used to do when he was in good health and back at home (i.e. not travelling)”. [Bukhari]
And there is nothing for you to make up for that which you left of them.
And with Allah lies all success.[Shaykh Abdullah ibn Baaz
Fataawa Ramadaan – Volume 2, Page 694, Fatwa No. 699;
al-Fataawa libni Baaz – Kitaab ad-Da’wah, Volume 2, Page 172]