When Ramadhaan Begins
Hadith – Al-Tirmidhi #1962, Narrated AbuHurayrah [Tirmidhi transmitted it.]
Allah’s Messenger ￼ said, “Calculate on the basis of the new moon of Sha’baan when Ramadhaan begins.” During Ramadhaan, Paradise Opens its Doors, Hell Closes its and Shayateen are Chained
When a person is in chains, that does not mean they can never cause any mischief, although it greatly reduces his powers to do so. Similarly, we should not assume that chained up shayateen (devils) means more or less than what it says.
Hadith – Ahmad and an-Nasa’i
`Arfajah said “We were with `Utbah ibn Farqad while he was discussing Ramadhaan. A companion of the Prophet entered upon the scene. When `Utbah saw him, he became shy and stopped talking. The man [the companion] spoke about Ramadhaan, saying “I heard the Messenger of Allah say during Ramadhaan: “The gates of Hell are closed, the gates of Paradise are opened, and the devils are in chains. An angel calls out : ‘O you who intend to do good deeds, have glad tidings. O you who intend to do evil, refrain, until Ramadhaan is completed.
Note: This hadeeth is authentic; Imaam Al-Bukhaaree has collected in his Saheeh in the Book of Fasting (Hadeeth Number 1899), and Imaam Muslim has collected in his Saheeh, also in the Book of Fasting (Hadeeth Number 2492-2493), and Imaam An-Nisaa’ee has collected it in his Sunan in the Book of Fasting (Hadeeth Number 2104-2106), and Imaam Ahmad has collected it in his Musnad.
Imaam An-Nawawee rahimahullah says in the explanation of Saheeh Muslim [7/186-187],
“’…the gates of paradise are opened and the gates of the Hell-Fire are closed and the Shayaateen are locked up.’ Al-Qaadee Iyaad says: ‘It is possible that this is literal, and that the opening of the gates of paradise, the closing of the gates of the Hell-Fire, and the locking up of the Shayaateen, are signs of entering Ramadhaan and magnfication of its sanctity, and that they (the Shayaateen) are locked up to prevent them from harming the believers and inciting them.’
And he said: ‘And it is possible that what is intended is a figurative meaning, and that it means an abundance of reward and forgiveness, and that the temptation and harm of Shayaateen is decreased so they become as if they are locked up, and that they are locked away from some things as opposed to others, and some people as opposed to others…”
Recommended to Eat before Fajr
Suhur / Sehri
Hadith – Sahih Bukhari, Vol.3, Book 31, #143, Narrated Sahl bin Sad
I used to take my Suhur meals with my family and then hurry up for presenting myself for the (Fajr) prayer with Allah’s Apostle.
Hadith – Sahih Bukhari, Vol.3, Book 31, #146, Narrated Anas bin Malik
The Prophet ￼ said, “Take Suhur as there is a blessing in it.”
The sunnah would be fulfilled by eating a small or large quantity of food, or even just by drinking a sip of water. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Messenger of Allah said: “The pre-dawn meal is blessed, so do not neglect it even if you only take a sip of water. Verily, Allah and the angels pray for those who have pre-dawn meals.” This is related by Ahmad.
Breaking the Fast
Hadith – Al-Tirmidhi #1989, Narrated AbuHurayrah [Tirmidhi transmitted it.]
Allah’s Messenger ￼ said, that Allah Most High said, “Those of my servants who are quickest in breaking their fast are dearest to me.”
Hadith – Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3, Book 31, Number 178, Narrated Sahl bin Sad
Allah’s Apostle ￼ said, “The people will remain on the right path as long as they hasten the breaking of the fast.”
Hadith – Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3, Book 31, Number 182, Narrated Anas
The Prophet ￼ said, “Do not practice Al-Wisal (fasting continuously without breaking one’s fast in the evening or eating before the following dawn).” The people said to the Prophet, “But you practice Al-Wisal?” The Prophet ￼ replied, “I am not like any of you, for I am given food and drink (by Allah) during the night.”
Hadith – Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3, Book 31, Number 164, Narrated ‘Aisha
(the wife of the Prophet) Hamza bin ‘Amr Al-Aslami asked the Prophet, “Should I fast while traveling?” The Prophet ￼ replied, “You may fast if you wish, and you may not fast if you wish.”
Last Ten Nights of Ramadhaan
Hadith – Al-Tirmidhi #2102, Narrated Anas ibn Malik; Ubayy ibn Ka’b
The Prophet ￼ was accustomed to engage in private devotion in the mosque during the last ten nights of Ramadhaan; but one year he omitted it and he engaged in it for twenty nights the next year.
[Tirmidhi transmitted it, and AbuDawud and Ibn Majah transmitted it from Ubayy ibn Ka’b.]
Hadith – Al-Tirmidhi #1962, Narrated AbuHurayrah [Ahmad and Nasa’i transmitted it.]
Allah’s Messenger ￼ said, “Ramadhaan, a blessed month, has come to you during which Allah has made it obligatory for you to fast. In it the gates of Heaven are opened, the gates of al-Jahim are locked, and the rebellious devils are chained. In it Allah has a night which is better than a thousand months. He who is deprived of its good has indeed suffered deprivation.”
Hadith – Al-Tirmidhi #2092, Narrated AbuBakrah [Tirmidhi transmitted it.]
AbuBakrah heard Allah’s Messenger ￼ say, “Seek it (meaning Laylat al-Qadr), on the twenty-first, twenty-third, twenty-fifth, twenty-seventh, or on the last night.”
Hadith – Al-Tirmidhi #2096, Narrated Anas ibn Malik [Bayhaqi transmitted it in Shu’ab al-Iman.]
Allah’s Messenger ￼ said that when Laylat al-Qadr comes, Jibreel descends with a company of angels who invoke blessings on ever who is standing or sitting and remembering Allah, who is Great and Glorious. Then when their festival day comes, i.e. the day when they break their fast, Allah speaks proudly of them to His angels saying, “My angels, what is the reward of a hired servant who has fully accomplished his work?” They reply, “Our Lord, his reward is that he should be paid his wage in full.” He says, “My angels, My male and female servants have fulfilled what I have made obligatory for them, and then have come out raising their voices in supplication. By My might, glory, honour, high dignity and exalted station, I shall certainly answer them.” Then He says, “Return, for I have forgiven you and changed your evil deeds into good deeds.” He said that they then returned having received forgiveness.
Hadith – Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3, Book 31, #125, Narrated Abu Huraira
The Prophet ￼ said, “Whoever established prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven; and whoever fasts in the month of Ramadhaan out of sincere faith, and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”