The Battle of Badr
This was the first of the great battles in the history of Islam. Rasoolullah (Sallallu Alayhi wa Sallam) defeated the Kuffar army of 1000 strong, 100 horses and 700 camels (headed by Abu Jahl) with only 313 Muslims, 2 horses and 70 camels on 17 Ramadhaan 2 A.H.
The Battle at Wadi al Qura
Zaid bin Harith (Radiyallu Anhu) was sent as leader of a deputation to the leader of that area, Fatimah bint Rabiah. She was known to be the most protected woman in Hijaz as she hung fifty swords of her close relatives in her home and also showed great hostility to Islam. Previously a caravan led by Zaid (Radiyallu Anhu) was plundered by Fatimah. Thus the Muslims went to battle with her in Ramadhaan 6 A. H and were victorious.
The Conquest of Makkah
The treaty of Hudaibiyah had been broken by the Kuffar by Ramadhaan 8 A.H and Rasoolullah (Sallallu Alayhi wa Sallam) felt a need to put an end once and for all to idolatry in Makkah. The Quraish were unaware of the approaching Muslims. In Ramadhaan 8.A.H Rasoolullah (Sallallu Alayhi wa Sallam) marched to Makkah and proclaimed “He Who enters the house of Abu Sufyan will be safe, He who lays down arms will be safe, He who locks his door will be safe”.
The idols were broken and the so-called gods were destroyed. Then Muhammad turning to the people said “O Quraish, what do you think of the treatment that I should accord you?” And they said, “Mercy, O Prophet of Allah. We expect nothing but good from you.” Thereupon Nabi Muhammad (Sallallu Alayhi wa Sallam) declared: “I speak to you in the same words as Joseph spoke to his brothers. This day there is no reproof against you; Go your way, for you are free.”
Later detachments were sent to destroy temples of al- Laat, Manaat and Suwaa, etc. This glorious event in the glorious month of Ramadhaan was one of purification, enjoining good and forbidding evil and striving with one’s life and wealth to make the word of Allah the most dominant.
Ramadhaan continues to be a time of great trials the world over.
The Conquest of Spain
In 92 A.H Ramadhaan (April 30 of 711) Moosa bin Nusair, Umayyad governor of North Africa and his Berber general Tariq ibn Ziyad landed at Gibraltar and by the end of the campaign most of the Iberian Peninsula were brought under Islamic rule. Islam flourished from 711 C.E until 1492 C.E , a rule of over 700 years, making it the Golden Age of the Arabs and Moors of al Andalus.