Eid ul Adha is around the corner, let’s brush up on a few things.
Zayd Ibn Arqam (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Sahabah (radhiyallahu anhum) asked, “O Rasoolullah! What is Qurbani?” He replied, “It is the sunnah of your father Ibraheem (alayhis salaam).” They asked again, “What benefit do we get from it?” He answered, “A reward for every hair (of the sacrificed animal).” “And (what reward is there for animals with) wool, O Rasoolullah?” they asked. “A reward”, he said, “for every fibre of the wool.” (Ibn Maajah)
Udhiyyah is about:
Love for Allah in contrast to love of self obedience.
Loyalty to Allah in preference to loyalty to the family.
Faith versus emotion.
Struggle as opposed to pleasure.
The Time of Udhiyyah (Qurbani)
Udhiyyah can only be performed during the three days of Eid, the 10th, 11th and 12th of Dhul Hijjah. It is only in these days that slaughtering of an animal is recognised as an act of worship. No Udhiyyah can be performed in any other day of the year.
Although Udhiyyah is permissible on each of the three aforementioned days, yet it is preferable to perform it on the first day i.e. the 10th of Dhul Hijjah.
No Udhiyyah is allowed before the Eid Salaah is over. However, in small villages where the Eid prayer is not to be performed, Udhiyyah can be offered any time after the break of dawn on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah.
It can also be performed in the two nights following the Eid day, but it is more advisable to perform it during daytime. Udhiyyah times end at sunset on the 12th of Dhul Hijjah.
Distribution of the Meat
If an animal is sacrificed on behalf of more than one person (from two to seven shares), like a cow or camel, its meat should be distributed equally among its owners by weighing the meat strictly and not at random or by mere guess. Even if all the partners agree on its distribution without weighing, it is still not permissible according to shariah.
However, if the actual weighing is not practicable due to some reason, and all the partners agree to distribute the meat without weighing, distribution by guess can be done with the condition that each share necessarily contains either a leg of the animal or some quantity of its liver.
Although the person offering an Udhiyyah can keep all its meat for his own use. It is preferable to distribute one-third among the poor, another one-third among his relatives and then, keep the rest for his personal consumption.
All parts of the sacrificed animal can be used for personal benefit, but none can be sold, nor can be given to the butcher as a part of his wages. If somebody has sold the meat of the animal or its skin, he must give the accrued price as Sadaqah to a poor man who can receive Zakaah.