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al Buseeri- Author of Qaseedah Burdah

Sharafuddin Muhammad bin Sa’idi bin Hammadi bin Muhsini bin Sanhaji Hilali asSanhaji al-Buseeri (1213-1294 CE) is variously referred to as Muhammad ibn Saeed ibn Hammad, Sharfuddin Abi Abdullah al-Busairi, Sharaf ad-Din Abu ‘Abd’ Allah Muhammad B. Said B. Hammad al-Misree, Abu ‘Abdi ‘Allah Muhammad B. Said and Sharaf ad-Din Muhammad Said B. Hammad B. Muhsin al- Buswairy.

He was an Egyptian poet of Berber Origin (Morocco) and was born on 1st Shawwal 608 AH/March 7th, 1213 at Busir (Abusir) or near Dalas (Dilas) in Upper Egypt. His parents immigrated to Egypt from Morocco. He grew up in the town of Buseer hence his nisba (nom de plume), al Buseer. He was also known by the nisba of Dalas (Dilas), it being said that one of his parents originated from Dalas, hence his nisba (Dalasir/Dilasir), and the other from Buseer. His other kuniya was Shariffud Din (Honour by Religion).

al Buseeri attended the lectures of the Shadhili Sufi Shaikh Abu ‘Abbas Ahmed al Mursi (al- Marsi) who died in 684 AH/1287 CE. al Marsi was himself a mystic (sufi) and must have influenced al- Buseeri a lot. He was a pupil of the famous Maghribi mystic Abu’l Hasan ash- Shadhili. As a Sufi, al Buseeri was involved in the first development of the Shaddhiliyyah order. In Cairo, at the mosque of Shaykh Abdal Dahir, he studied a number of Islamic sciences as well as the Arabic language and literature.

His most famous of these is the so-called “Qaṣeedah al-Burdah – Poem of the Mantle or Nahj el Burduh” in Arabic. It is entirely in praise of Nabi Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). When hearing from physicians that there was no hope of recovery from paralysis, in his state of complete helplessness and despair he composed this poem expressing the grandeur and excellence of Sayyidina Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). Using this as his sole means of asking Allah ‘Azza wa Jall to cure him from his illness. He isolated himself in a quiet place one Thursday night and with complete devotion, concentration and sincerity, began reciting this poem.

One night he saw Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in a dream telling him of his illness whereupon Sayyidinaa Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) passed his blessed hand over al Buseeri’s body. Through the will of Allah, Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) performed this mu’jizah spiritually and Allah granted al Buseeri complete cure from his paralysis. When he awoke he found a shawl (mantle) on his body which he had seen Sayyidinaa Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) place on his paralysed limbs. This resulted in the poem being named “Qaseedah al Burdah” (The Poem of the Mantle).

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